Leave Administration – Excused Absence/Administrative Leave
October 19, 2010
Office of Human Resources Management
1 Purpose 2
2 References 2
3 Special Instructions 2
4 Policy 2
5 Delegation of Authority 2
6 Definitions 3
7 Responsibilities 4
8 Blood Donation 5
9 Examinations and Interviews 5
10 Leave Prior to or Upon Completion of Travel 6
11 Time Allowed in Health Units or First Aid Rooms 6
12 Participation in Emergency Rescue or Protective Work 6
13 Change of Official Duty Station 6
14 Physical Examinations 7
15 Physical Examinations for Military Duty 7
16 Draft Registration 8
17 Officially Sponsored Functions and Programs 8
18 Registration and Voting 8
19 Tardiness and Brief Absences 8
20 Conferences, Conventions or Training 9
21 Volunteer Activities 9
22 Military Funerals 9
23 Disciplinary or Medical Actions 10
24 Early Dismissals for Holidays 10
25 Weather and Other Emergency Related Dismissals 10
26 Administrative Leave for Personal Emergencies 11
27 Preventative Health and Wellness Activities 11
28 Official Time for Employee Association Activities 12
The purpose of this directive is to set forth the Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) policy on excused absence and administrative leave. Although it specifically addresses many situations where excused absence and/or administrative leave may be granted, it is not intended to cover all possible instances.
3. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
This directive replaces Department Personnel Manual Chapter 630 – Absence and Leave, Subchapter 11 (Amendment 173), dated November 30, 1981.
It is USDA’s policy to grant excused absence and/or administrative leave in limited circumstances that:
a. Are directly related to the employing Agency or Staff Office’s mission;
b. Enhance the professional development or skills of the employee in his or her current position; or
c. Are officially sponsored/sanctioned by Agency or Staff Office Head as being in the interest of the Federal government.
5. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY
The Secretary has the authority to dismiss any or all USDA employees at any or all USDA locations.
The Assistant Secretary for Administration (ASA) and the Director, Office of Human Resources Management (OHRM), have the authority to dismiss employees in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. These delegations may be exercised directly on a case-by-case basis, or by USDA policy as issued by the Secretary or ASA (e.g. disaster plans).
The ASA and the Director, OHRM have the authority to dismiss employees in major metropolitan areas that do not have active Federal Executive Boards (FEB) or Federal Executive Associations (FEA).
The authority is hereby delegated to Agency and Staff Office Heads, to approve reasonable, short-term excused absences and/or administrative leave. Agency and Staff Office Heads may re-delegate this authority to the lowest supervisory level practicable.
a. Administrative Leave. An authorized absence, without loss of pay and without charge to the employee’s leave. Administrative leave is granted to employees for reasons determined to be in the Government’s interest. An employee on administrative leave is not acting within the employer-employee relationship and is not deemed to be subject to the control or responsibility of the Department as an employer. Administrative leave is an approved leave status and is charged to code 66 on the employee’s Time and Attendance (T&A) Report.
b. Agencies. An organizational unit of USDA, other than a Staff Office as defined below, whose head reports to an Under Secretary.
c. Agency Head. The head of a USDA Agency or an official who has been delegated the authority to act for the head of the Agency in the matter concerned.
d. Excused Absence. An authorized absence, without loss of pay and without charge to the employee’s leave. Excused absence is granted to employees for reasons determined to be in the Government’s interest. An excused absence is granted to an employee who is performing or participating in officially sanctioned government activities not within the scope of their regular duties. Excused absence is charged to code 01 on the employee’s T&A.
e. Public Emergency. A catastrophic natural or human-caused event resulting from forces or actions beyond the employee’s control that affect numerous people in an particular geographic area in such a way as to require affected employees to take immediate action to protect their lives and/or property as well as deal with immediate personal needs. Examples include; wildfires, floods, earthquakes, terrorist attacks, etc., resulting in the need to take such actions as evacuation, finding short term shelter, seeking emergency assistance, and/or taking necessary actions to initiate recovery.
f. Staff Office. A USDA administrative office whose head reports to the Secretary.
g. Staff Office Head. The head of a Staff Office or an official who has been delegated the authority to act for the head of the Staff Office in the matter concerned.
a. The ASA is responsible for:
(1) Establishing USDA policy pertaining to excused absence and administrative leave;
Authorizing mass dismissals of USDA employees in the
(3) Authorizing mass dismissals of USDA employees in major metropolitan areas that do not have active FEBs and/or FEAs.
b. The Director, OHRM is responsible for:
Recommending USDA policy pertaining to excused
absence and administrative leave;
Providing technical human resources guidance and staff
to Agencies and Staff Offices;
Authorizing mass dismissals of USDA employees in the
(4) Authorizing mass dismissals of USDA employees in major metropolitan areas that do not have active FEBs and/or FEAs;
(5) Monitoring Agency and Staff Office compliance with USDA policy; and
(6) Reporting to OPM.
c. Agency and Staff Office Heads are responsible for:
Issuing policy and procedures that address how excused
absence and administrative leave will be administered in their
respective Agencies and Staff Offices and issuing supplemental policy if warranted;
(2) Ensuring that excused absences and administrative leave within their Agencies and Staff Offices are authorized and approved in accordance with the requirements set forth in this directive;
(3) Monitoring and assessing decisions made using this policy;
(4) Coordinating weather-related dismissals with co-located USDA Agencies in areas that do not have active FEBs or FEAs;
(5) Reporting to USDA; and
(6) Authorizing reasonable, short-term excused absences and/or granting administrative leave.
8. BLOOD DONATION
With advance supervisory approval, employees who volunteer as blood donors, without compensation, shall be authorized up to 4 hours of administrative leave on the day the blood is donated for recuperation purposes. This time is in addition to the time required to travel to and from the blood center and to give the blood.
Compensated blood donors are required to take annual leave or leave without pay for any period of absence resulting from making the blood donation.
9. EXAMINATIONS AND INTERVIEWS
a. Examinations. An employee shall be granted administrative leave for the period of time necessary to complete an examination, if:
(1) The examination is required to remain in the position he or she currently occupies;
(2) The examination is for a position to which transfer, promotion, or reassignment is recommended by USDA; or
(3) The examination is a prerequisite for a professional license or certification (such as a Certified Public Accountant, entrance into the Bar, or a Professional Engineer) that is considered advantageous to the Agency and Staff Office.
For examinations covered under subsections (1) and (2) above, the Agency or Staff Office may grant a reasonable amount of administrative leave to prepare.
b. Employment Interviews. Employees shall be excused to participate in local in-person or any telephonic interviews for other USDA jobs.
10. LEAVE PRIOR TO OR UPON COMPLETION OF TRAVEL
An employee may be granted an excused absence for a period of time not to exceed two hours prior to or upon completion of the employee’s travel status when the time of departure from or arrival at the employee’s duty station is such that it would be administratively unreasonable to expect the employee to report to the duty station.
11. TIME ALLOWED IN HEALTH UNITS OR FIRST AID ROOMS
An employee who is sent to the health unit or first aid room for treatment may be granted an excused absence for a period of time not to exceed one hour. If an employee is not able to return to work after remaining in the health unit or first aid room for one hour, the supervisor shall advise the employee to go home and/or obtain further medical treatment by the health unit or other attending official, but may no longer be granted excused absence.
This excused absence applies only to an employee who becomes ill while in a duty status. When an employee is required, under a doctor’s orders, to rest a certain period of time each day, such time shall be charged to sick or other appropriate leave.
All employees shall be instructed to “sign in” upon entering the health unit or first aid room and “sign out” upon leaving. Agencies may verify visits by contacting the health unit or first aid room.
12. PARTICIPATION IN EMERGENCY RESCUE OR PROTECTIVE WORK
An employee who is requested to assist in emergency law enforcement, relief, or clean-up efforts in affected communities, as authorized by Federal, State, or other officials having jurisdiction, and whose participation in such activities has been approved by his or her employing Agency or Staff Office may be granted administrative leave.
This policy does not apply to Federal employee members of the National Guard or Reserves who are called to assist in disaster relief and recovery efforts, as they are entitled to military leave under 5 U.S.C. 6323(b).
It is the employing Agency of Staff Office responsibility to determine that such leave was for an emergency and was in the interest of the public welfare.
13. CHANGE OF OFFICIAL DUTY STATION
A non-temporary employee who is changing his or her official duty station in the interest of the Federal government which includes the relocation of their residence shall be granted administrative leave when the costs and expenses of the move are reimbursable under the General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Travel Regulations. The period of time granted for the administrative leave shall not exceed 80 hours.
The administrative leave may be used for the following activities:
a. Locating quarters at the new duty station, including the travel time covered in the GSA Federal Travel Regulations; and
b. Pre-moving and post-moving arrangements, such as stopping and starting utility services. The time associated with packing one’s possessions is not subject to administrative leave as this activity is covered in the commuted rate allowance.
The on-the-road travel time associated with the final one-way move is not chargeable against the 80-hour limitation.
14. PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS
An employee who is required by the employing Agency/Staff Office to undergo a physical examination other than that required for appointment, shall be granted administrative leave for the period of time necessary to complete the examination.
If a medical condition is discovered or medical suspicions arise as a result of that examination and it becomes necessary to hospitalize the employee or require more extensive tests and examinations, the period of time associated with undergoing such additional tests and examinations shall be charged to sick or other appropriate leave. This provision also applies when there are periods of duty between the initial examination and the additional tests, examinations, or hospitalizations that may be required.
15. PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS FOR MILITARY DUTY
An employee who is required to take a physical examination in connection with induction or enlistment in the armed forces shall be granted administrative leave for the period of time necessary to complete the examination.
Members of the Reserves who are recalled to active duty are placed on pay status with the branch of the armed forces for the period of time required to take the physical examination and, therefore, shall not be granted administrative leave for that purpose.
16. DRAFT REGISTRATION
An employee shall be granted administrative leave for a period of time sufficient to register in accordance with the Military Selective Service Act. Administrative leave shall be granted subject to the following considerations:
a. The administrative leave may be granted only to an employee subject to the registration; and
b. The employee must register as provided in the Act.
An employee may register before a board having jurisdiction in the area of his or her permanent home, or wherever the employee may be on the days the employee is subject to registration whichever results in the shorter period of administrative leave.
17. OFFICIALLY SPONSORED FUNCTIONS AND PROGRAMS
An employee may be granted an excused absence for a reasonable period of time to participate in programs and functions sponsored by USDA, or a USDA Agency/Staff Office if participation is in the interest of the Federal government. Under certain circumstances, an employee may be excused when the function is sponsored by another Federal government Agency/Staff Office such as OPM, etc. These situations should be determined on a case-by-case basis and approved in advance.
18. REGISTRATION AND VOTING
An employee may be granted administrative leave for a reasonable period of time to register to vote in Federal, State, county, or municipal elections or in referendums on any civic matter in their community, if such administrative leave would not seriously interfere with work operations. An employee may be granted administrative leave for a period of time that permits the employee to vote and report for work no later than 3 hours after the polls open or to leave work no earlier than 3 hours before the polls close, whichever results in the lesser period of time. The administrative leave, if granted, shall be based upon the employee’s scheduled tour of duty for that day.
Unusual circumstances may warrant the granting of administrative leave for a longer period of time and should be made on a case-by-case basis.
19. TARDINESS AND BRIEF ABSENCES
An employee may be granted an excused absence or administrative leave for a period of time not to exceed one hour for occasional absences from duty and tardiness when the employee’s supervisor determines the cause of the absence or tardiness to be reasonable and in accordance with this directive or any employing Agency or Staff Office procedures. (for example; administrative leave for morning traffic delays or an excused absence to attend an office luncheon, etc.)
It is the employing Agency/Staff Office responsibility to determine the appropriate type of leave based upon the definitions set forth in this directive.
20. CONFERENCES, CONVENTIONS OR TRAINING
An employee may be granted an excused absence to attend conferences, conventions or training when attendance will serve the interest of the Federal government and USDA. Excused absences to attend conferences or conventions may be restricted to those instances in which the employee is an official representative of the Agency/Staff Office or is a contributor on the agenda.
21. VOLUNTEER ACTIVITIES
An employee may be granted administrative leave for short periods of time to participate in volunteer activities that are:
b. Officially sponsored or sanctioned by the employing Agency/Staff Office; or
c. Deemed to enhance the professional development and/or skills of the employee in his or her current position.
Agencies/Staff Offices are encouraged to support their employees’ volunteer efforts that do not meet the criteria set forth above by ensuring that all employees are aware of the various work scheduling and leave flexibilities available to them and by allowing them the flexibility to adjust their schedules to accommodate the volunteer activity if possible.
22. MILITARY FUNERALS
An employee who is a veteran of a declared
war, who served in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been
authorized, or who is a member of an honor or ceremonial group of those
veterans may be granted administrative leave to attend military funerals. The administrative leave may be granted for a
period of time not to exceed 4 hours, to participate as an active pallbearer or
as a member of an honor guard in a funeral ceremony for a member of the armed
services whose remains are returned from abroad for final interment in the
23. DISCIPLINARY OR MEDICAL ACTIONS
An employee who is the subject of an investigation involving allegations of serious misconduct wherein workplace safety could be compromised, or those whose workplace behavior represents a potential threat to themselves or others, may be placed on administrative leave. Such periods of time shall be limited, to the extent possible, in order to effectuate timely Agency or Staff Office disciplinary and/or administrative actions.
24. EARLY DISMISSALS FOR HOLIDAYS
Only the Secretary may grant an excused absence or administrative leave for holiday-related early dismissals of USDA employees. This authority may be re-delegated, at the sole discretion of the Secretary, to the Assistant Secretary for Administration or his or her designee.
25. WEATHER AND OTHER EMERGENCY RELATED DISMISSALS
When natural disasters, adverse weather conditions, and other emergency situations occur that disrupt Federal government operations, the following procedures shall be followed:
Dismissals in the
Updates on USDA’s current operating status are available on USDA’s website at: http://www.usda.gov/da/beprepared.
Dismissals outside the
USDA Agencies in areas without an active FEB or FEA, or that are located outside a major metropolitan area, are delegated the authority to make decisions regarding weather related or emergency dismissals. The authority may be redelegated to the highest ranking official at the location. In facilities occupied by multiple USDA agencies, local managers must collaborate and make a dismissal decision applicable to all USDA employees assigned to that duty station. Disagreements between local managers will be referred to the Deputy Administrators for Management of the respective Agencies for resolution.
When delayed arrival, early dismissal, or closures are authorized, time is recorded as administrative leave.
26. ADMINISTRATIVE LEAVE FOR PERSONAL EMERGENCIES
An employee who is faced with a personal emergency because of a public emergency may be granted up to 40 hours of administrative leave if the employee can be spared from his or her usual responsibilities.
Unusual circumstances, such as the scope and severity of the public emergency may warrant the granting of additional administrative leave. Any request for administrative leave in excess of 40 hours must be submitted, in writing, to the Director, OHRM. The Director, OHRM, may grant up to an additional 40 hours of administrative leave on a case-by-case basis. The ASA may grant administrative leave in excess of 80 hours. Requests should be submitted through the Director, OHRM, for concurrence.
27. PREVENTIVE HEALTH AND WELLNESS ACTIVITIES
An employee may be granted an excused absence when the employee is participating in an Agency/Staff Office-sponsored preventative health or wellness event such as the annual Healthier Feds Physical Activity Challenge and USDA-sponsored health screening activities.
An employee, who occupies a position that has established physical fitness standards and requires the maintenance of such standards as a condition of employment, may be granted an excused absence to engage in Agency or Staff Office-sanctioned fitness activities. It is the employing Agency or Staff Office responsibility to determine the amount of an excused absence necessary to maintain the required fitness level.
Supervisors of employees who occupy positions that do not have established fitness standards are encouraged to support their employees’ physical fitness efforts by ensuring that all employees are aware of the various work scheduling and leave flexibilities available. An excused absence for ongoing personal health and fitness programs may not be granted.
28. OFFICIAL TIME FOR EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES
Employees are authorized excused absences and/or administrative leave in accordance with DR 4020-251, Associations of Management Officials and/or Supervisory and Other Organizations and DR 4020-251-01 Welfare and Recreation Organizations.