U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Date: August 19, 2011
OPI: Office of the Chief Information Officer
This regulation outlines the policies and responsibilities for identifying and protecting records necessary for USDA to continue its essential functions and activities during and following an emergency, disaster, or event that could cause the disruption of normal operations. It augments information in DR 1800-1, Departmental Emergency Programs Responsibilities and the USDA Headquarters Continuity of Operations (COOP) Plan. The primary authority for establishing a vital records management program within the Federal Government is 36 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Subchapter B – Records Management, Part 1223, Managing Vital Records.
USDA is committed to working with its employees to protect and safeguard vital records. This regulation sets forth USDA’s policy and responsibilities in developing a vital records management program. The intent is to ensure that USDA critical records are identified, maintained and protected and no loss of critical information occurs during or after an emergency or disaster.
Each USDA agency and staff office head will establish a
vital records management program in accordance with this regulation and DR
b. Each USDA agency and staff office head will select and safeguard records required to ensure the continuity of essential USDA functions during and following an emergency, disaster, or event that could cause the disruption of normal operations.
This regulation is published in accordance with the authority vested in the Secretary of Agriculture under 44 U.S.C. 2104 and 3101; and 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35; and delegated to the Chief Information Officer (7 CFR 2.89)
CAT COOP Crisis Action Team
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CIO Chief Information Officer
COOP Continuity of Operations
DR Departmental Regulation
ERF Emergency Relocation Facility
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FRA Federal Records Act
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
NARA National Archives and Records Administration
OCIO Office of the Chief Information Officer
POC Point of Contact
U.S.C. United States Code
DR 3080-001, Records Management, April 11, 2007
DR 3090-001, Litigation Retention Policy for
Documentary Materials including Electronically Stored Information, March 28,
DR 1800-1, Departmental Emergency Programs
Responsibilities, March 28, 2001
DR 3440-001, USDA Classified National Security Information
Program Regulation, January 9, 2008
DM 3440-001, USDA Classified National Security
Information Program Manual, May 1, 2008
National Archives and Records Administration Guide,
"Vital Records and Records Disaster Mitigation and Recovery"
36 CFR, Chapter 12, Subchapter B – Records Management,
Part 1223, Managing Vital Records
h. 44 U.S.C. 3101, Records Management by Agency Heads; General Duties
As the head of the Department, the Secretary of Agriculture is vested with the authority to make and preserve records containing adequate and proper documentation of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, and essential transactions of the agency. (44 U.S.C. 3101.)
Information Officer (CIO)
The Secretary of Agriculture has delegated to the CIO, through the Assistant Secretary for Administration, oversight responsibility for the Department-wide records management disposition program (7 CFR 2.89(a)(10); 2.89(a)(11)(x). Oversight of the Vital Records Management Program is within the scope of this delegation. This responsibility includes the following:
Review proposed USDA reporting and
record keeping requirements, including those contained in rules and
regulations, to ensure that they impose the minimum burden upon the public and
have practical utility for USDA;
Assist the Office of Management and Budget in the
performance of its functions assigned under the:
Quality Act (Pub. L. No. 106-554 § 515) and under the Paperwork Reduction Act
(44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), including review of USDA information activities,
Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-347, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 36;
Administer the Departmental Records Management Program.
(4) Administer the Departmental Vital Records Management Program in compliance with the National Archives and Records Administration and other oversight Agencies.
Departmental Vital Records Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer
Develops Departmental level USDA specific Vital Records
Management Program requirements, policies, management procedures and guidance
in compliance with the National Archives and Records Administration
Develops and distributes guidance
related to identification, maintenance, and protection of rights and interest
Conducts an annual review of USDA vital records
management policies and procedures to ensure compliance with NARA regulations
and assigns tasks to ensure compliance.
and Staff Office compliance through periodic audits and reports to Agency and
Staff Office Heads on findings.
(5) Maintains liaisons with the NARA and other Federal agencies on matters affecting vital records.
and Staff Office Records Officers
assist in inventorying agency records.
and staff office vital records coordinators to identify vital records.
guidance on maintenance practices in determining the appropriate method of
protecting their vital records.
general records management training.
conjunction with the agency and staff office vital records coordinators and the
mission area, agency and staff office COOP POC ensures that copies of vital
records are properly managed throughout their life cycle as they are updated,
stored and replaced in accordance with established requirements.
e. Agency Heads and Staff Office Heads
a vital records coordinator to implement, maintain and oversee the vital
records management program.
and staff office vital records management programs are is in compliance with
Departmental, organization specific, and NARA requirements and guidelines.
and select those records essential to agency-wide effectiveness during and
after an emergency or disaster. This
includes selecting the appropriate media for storing records.
that vital records are protected against damage and loss.
that records, selected for inclusion in the vital records management program,
are current, complete, protected, and readily available to facilitate the
continuity of USDA operations during and after an emergency or disaster.
that their staff are aware of and execute appropriate
measures to identify and protect vital records.
of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination, COOP Planning Division
that the COOP POC and CAT members comply with the USDA HQ COOP Plan.
and Staff Office COOP POC
with the COOP Planning Division regarding the transfer of vital records and
duplicated vital records to the COOP ERF and Devolution Site storage facility. Ensure the stored vital records inventory is
maintained up to date and complete at all times.
the transfer of vital records and duplicated vital records to the agency and staff
office COOP ERF and Devolution Site storage facility. Ensure the stored vital records inventory is
maintained up to date and complete at all times.
conjunction with the agency and staff office vital records coordinators and the
agency records officer ensures that copies of vital records are properly
managed throughout their life cycle as they are updated, stored, and replaced
in accordance with established requirements.
copies of completed transmittal forms and the vital records inventory for the
the currency of their organization’s vital records inventory located at the OSEC
ERF and Devolution Site, and the organization’s own ERF and Devolution Site to
the agency records officer following completion of a scheduled quarterly vital
records inventory review and update.
select master set of Federal, USDA and agency directives, handbooks, forms and
other issuances, both administrative and technical, are available
electronically and in hard copy at their agency’s ERF and Devolution Site.
(7) Provide locations of vital records and procedures for assessing and utilizing them.
and Staff Office Vital Records Coordinators
Are responsible for the direct management and
implementation of USDA and organization specific Vital Records Management
Program policies, management procedures and access instructions, and all
applicable guidance promulgated by NARA and the Federal Government.
Work with the agency and staff office records officers
to ensure the proper identification and selection of vital records, use of
suitable storage media, and the maintenance of appropriate inventories.
directly responsible for the currency, completeness, accessibility, proper
storage, and protection against damage and loss of the vital records inventory
at USDA HQ, their organization’s ERFs and Devolution Sites, and if applicable
at the OSEC ERF and Devolution Site.
In coordination with program managers, IT managers,
employees, contractors, and volunteers as applicable, complete review and
updates of the organization’s vital records inventory once a quarter at a
minimum and otherwise as needed. Upon
completion of the review, provide a copy of the inventory certified as current
to the Records Officer and COOP POC.
Ensure that agency and staff office personnel
are aware of and execute appropriate measures to identify and protect vital
Ensure vital records are readily available to
facilitate USDA continuity of operations during and following an emergency,
disaster, or event that could cause the disruption of normal operations.
an annual comprehensive vital records program inventory review, documented with
the date the review was conducted and the name of the reviewer.
on-boarding and annual vital records briefings, and training sessions of COOP
personnel, and ensure that their agency or staff office personnel are aware of
and execute appropriate measures to identify and protect vital records.
vital records are identified, updated and protected.
(2) Ensure that their staffs are aware of and execute appropriate measures to identify and protect vital records.
information technology (IT) support sufficient to support the effective and
efficient production, storage, maintenance and retrieval of vital records in
technical advice and guidance by reviewing and assisting with hardware and software
required to support the vital records program.
steps to eliminate IT vulnerabilities that could threaten agency vital records.
install, and upgrade, as appropriate, IT systems, software and equipment
sufficient to support the vital records program including the implementation of
redundant IT systems.
the appropriate replication and recovery of databases containing vital
Contractors and Volunteers
in the identification and protection of vital records.
(2) Assist the Vital Records Coordinator in identifying new vital records and those records no longer considered vital.
The identification and management of vital records is an essential part of the Federal agency’s emergency preparedness responsibility. An agency must provide for the protection and accessibility of its vital records and information necessary to conduct its essential functions under all conditions at its normal operating sites, ERFs and Devolution Sites. Agency and Staff Offices must also preserve as vital records evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations and other activities of the Government.
Designation of vital records is a discretionary decision based on the agency mission, emergency functions, and emergency plans of operations. A document’s designation as a permanent record has no bearing on its designation as a vital record. Vital records generally fall into one of two categories:
a. Type I Emergency Operating Records that are those records needed to resume and continue operations during an emergency or disaster. They are also necessary for the resumption of normal operations after an emergency. Records that are normally considered vital include, but are not limited to:
(1) Statements of agency missions in an emergency;
(2) Primary Mission Essential Functions (PMEFs) documentation;
(3) Mission Essential Functions (MEFs) documentation;
(4) Delegations of authority and Orders of Succession;
(5) Regulations or announcements to be issued immediately at the beginning or end of an emergency or disaster;
(6) Lists of employees assigned emergency duties;
(7) Information concerning the whereabouts of vital records;
(8) Building plans;
(9) Agency program records needed to carry out essential functions;
(10) System manuals.
(11) Staffing assignments and related policy or procedural records and standard operating procedures (SOPs);
(12) Devolution Plans;
(13) Reconstitution Plans.
Type II Legal and Financial Rights Records that are
needed to re-create legal and financial operations, as well as to safeguard the
interests of the organizations, its employees, and its clients. Legal
and Financial Rights records are not
vital records unless the agency is the statutory office of record. Legal
and Financial Rights records include, but are not limited to:
(1) Information about agency personnel, property, damage, and assessment data;
(2) Fiscal records such as periodic summaries of financial status and records of monies received by and owed to the Government;
(3) Accounts receivable and payable;
(4) Land titles, leases and contracts;
(5) Personnel Records;
(6) Payroll Records;
(7) Memoranda of Understanding;
(8) Grant files;
(9) Social Security records;
(10) Payroll records;
(11) Retirement records;
(12) Insurance records;
(13) Property management and inventory;
Any additional Legal and Financial Rights Records
considered critical for continued performance of essential functions.
Mirroring these two types of vital records, a vital records management program should enable accomplishment of two things. First, the program will provide a USDA agency with the information needed to conduct business under other than normal operating conditions and to resume normal business afterwards. Second, the program enables agency officials to identify and protect the most important records relating to the legal and financial rights of the agency and those affected by the agency’s actions.
a. Practicality of the Program
An agency’s program should meet its needs during an emergency, within budgetary limitations. The cost and complexity of ensuring the availability of every document that might conceivably be needed in an emergency would be prohibitive. In order to make a vital records inventory manageable and useful in an emergency, it is essential to distinguish between important records and truly vital records. Therefore, only those records needed during and after an emergency should be designated as vital records. In selecting such records, agencies need to keep in mind that individuals using the records during an emergency may not be the same individuals who normally use them. Important records may support a business operation, but loss of such records will not stop mission-critical operations. Records that are truly vital, by contrast, are essential for mission-critical, business operations and are irreplaceable. That is, the contents of vital records cannot be recreated, and the operations supported by these records cannot be performed without them.
It is particularly important that the vital records program be kept practical because:
It is an essential part of the emergency preparedness
program designed to ensure the continuity of the Department under the most
adverse circumstances. Overall
preparedness may suffer if necessary information is not available when it is
most needed; and
This program must be kept current indefinitely. If the program is overly elaborate,
cumbersome, or costly, it will inevitably become outdated. The procedures for ensuring vital records are
available must be routine.
Providing Copies of Vital Records
Vital records will normally be maintained as duplicate copies of original records in paper or machine-readable form, whichever is most appropriate. These copies can be stored at designated Emergency Relocation Facilities and Devolution Sites or other designated locations depending upon the size and volume of the records, the frequency with which records need updating, the costs involved, and any security precautions that must be applied.
Growth of automatic data processing systems has made it necessary to safeguard quantities of electronic media used for information storage. If vital records are maintained on electronic media, a copy of the program manual or other information required to use the records should be stored with them.
Because of the fragile nature of
information stored on electronic media, agencies must ensure that electronic
media stored at vital records locations are protected against loss. Such protection should consist of periodic
recalls and inspections of these records. Information stored on electronic media may
have to be replaced, recopied, or in other ways restored if the inspection
results in the detection of an unacceptable number of errors or if the
equipment the records were originally created on changes.
The major disadvantage of storing vital records in machine-readable form is that the equipment needed to access the information may not be available or may not be in working order in emergencies. Contingency plans must provide for emergency processing at an alternate site and assure that needed records are available.
As records are duplicated, they should be properly indexed to ensure easy access to specific information. Time is a crucial factor in reconstructing a database or a system of records that has been damaged or destroyed by a disaster. Therefore, regular systematic indexing of all stored information is a necessity.
Selecting a Storage Site
In choosing an off-site storage location, do not pick one too close to your office or building. If duplicate records are stored too close, the same disaster that affects the original records may also destroy the duplicate records.
Locations where vital records
will be stored must provide adequate protection and accessibility. Records will be stored to ensure ease of
access, retrieval, and control.
Classified records must be handled in accordance with DR 3440-001, USDA
Classified National Security Information Program Regulations and DM 3440-001,
USDA Classified National Security Information Program Manual.
Legal and Financial Rights Records
Federal Records Centers, regardless of geographic location, are available for agencies desiring to store their legal and financial rights records. In addition to storage space for paper records, most Federal Records Centers have environmentally controlled space suitable for the storage of vital records on magnetic tape and photographic film.
Emergency Operating Records
Emergency operating records should be handled in accordance with each agency's internal emergency preparedness programs and forwarded to the Emergency Operating Facilities.
Rotation of Records
All vital records, whether legal and financial rights or emergency operating records, must be periodically updated to ensure that they remain current, complete, and accessible.
Staff Office. A major line or
program organization of the Department headed by an Administrator (or
equivalent) who reports to the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, an Under or Assistant Secretary, or a General Officer.
A collection of
non-current Federal records that has been removed permanently from an agency
and transported physically (in an acceptable) format to NARA. At that point,
Department. The U.S. Department of Agriculture; also referred to as USDA.
Disaster. An unexpected occurrence
inflicting widespread destruction and distress and having long-term adverse
effects on agency operations.
Disposition. A comprehensive term that includes:
Destruction (disposal) of temporary records no longer
needed for the conduct of business;
Transfer of inactive records to a Federal Records
Transfer of permanent records, determined to have
sufficient historical or other value to
warrant continued preservation, to NARA; and,
(4) Donation of temporary records to an eligible person or organization after the authorized retention period has expired and after NARA has approved the donation.
Emergency. A situation or occurrence that warrants immediate action to save lives and protect property, public health, and safety. To some degree an emergency disrupts USDA operations. Examples of an emergency are:
(1) Natural Disaster
(2) Man-made and Technological Hazards
Emergency Operating Records. Emergency operating records are those types of vital records essential to the continued functioning or reconstitution of an organization during and after an emergency. Included are emergency plans and directive(s), orders of succession, delegations of authority, staffing assignments, selected program records needed to continue the most critical agency operations, as well as related policy or procedural records that assist agency staff in conducting operations under emergency conditions and for resuming normal operations after an emergency.
Information Accessibility. The application or configuration of Federal Information Processing resources in a manner that accommodates the functional limitations of individuals with disabilities so as to promote productivity and provide access to work-related or public information resources.
Information Systems. The organized collection, processing, transmission, and dissemination of information in accordance with defined procedures, whether automated or manual.
Legal and Financial Rights Records. Legal and financial rights records are that type of vital records essential to protect the legal and financial rights of the Government and of the individuals directly affected by its activities. Examples include accounts receivable records, social security records, payroll records, retirement records, and insurance records. These records were formerly defined as “rights-and-interests” records.
Litigation Hold. The obligation of agencies, managers, and individual employees to ensure the preservation of documentary materials that might be or might become relevant to pending or threatened litigation. If the documentary material was created in electronic format, it must be preserved in that original native format (See DR 3090-001).
Metadata. Data that describe other data. The term may also refer to any computer file or database that holds information about another database’s structure, processing, changes, etc. Data dictionaries and data repositories are examples of metadata.
Permanent Records. Records appraised by NARA as having sufficient historical or other value to warrant continued preservation by the Federal Government beyond the time they are needed for administrative, legal, or fiscal purposes.
Program Official. An official with primary responsibility for developing and/or implementing a policy, program, or function.
Records. Includes "All books, papers, maps, photographs, machine-readable materials, or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by an agency of the United States Government under Federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities of the Government or because of the informational value of data in them. Library and museum material made or acquired and preserved solely for reference or exhibition purposes, extra copies of documents preserved only for convenience of reference, and stocks of publications and of processed documents are not included." (44 U.S.C. 3301).
Records Management. The planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities related to the creation, maintenance, use, and disposition of records to achieve adequate and proper documentation of Federal policies and transactions, and effective and economical management of agency operations.
Records Disposition Schedule. A document, approved by NARA, which provides authority for the final disposition of recurring or nonrecurring records. Includes Standard Form 115, Request for Records Disposition Authority, and the General Records Schedules (GRS). Records shall not be destroyed except as authorized by an approved records schedule.
Temporary Records. Records approved by NARA for disposal, either immediately or after a specified retention period. Also called disposable records or nonpermanent records.
Trustworthiness of a Record. To demonstrate proof, records must have the qualities of trustworthiness, that is, records with the following characteristics:
(1) Authenticity – an accurate account of an activity, transaction, or decision
(2) Reliability – content can be trusted as a full and accurate representation
(3) Integrity – an assurance that the information has not been changed subsequently
Usability – the information can be located,
retrieved, presented, and interpreted
Vital Records. Essential agency records that are needed to meet operational responsibilities under national security emergencies or other emergency conditions (emergency operating records) or to protect the legal and financial rights of the Government and those affected by Government activities (legal and financial rights records).