Office of the Chief Information Officer

United States Department of Agriculture

Legal Requirements and OMB Guidance

The Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) was enacted on December 19, 2014, (Title VIII, Subtitle D of the National Defense Authorization Act (NOAA) for Fiscal Year 2015, Pub. L. No. 11 3-29 1) and outlines specific requirements related to: 

  • CIO authority enhancements
  • Enhanced transparency and improved risk management in IT investments 
  • Portfolio reviews
  • Expansion of training and use of IT cadres
  • Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative (FDCCI), more recently known as the Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI)
  • Maximizing the benefit of the federal strategic sourcing initiative (SSI)
  • Government-wide software purchasing program 

To implement the requirements of FITARA, combined with the need to update policy and guidance related to other modem IT practices, OMB is publishing this guidance. This guidance reflects input from a diverse group of stakeholders, including representatives from the Deputy Secretary/Chief Operating Officer (COO), Assistant Secretary for Administration (ASA)/Chief Acquisition Officer (CAO), Chief Information Officer (CIO), Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Chief Human Capital Officer (CHCO), Senior Procurement Executive (SPE), {henceforth identified as CXOs}.

The objective of FITARA is to improve the management of IT within an agency and hence, improve the ability for that agency to deliver its mission and conduct its business. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has drafted guidance to implement FITARA.

The overriding objective was to reduce waste in the estimated $80 billion spent each year on information technology.

The Law and OMB Guidance:

Clinger-Cohen Act (40 U. S.C. §§ 11101-11 704)


Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform provisions (FITARA)


Making Electronic Government Accountable By Yielding Tangible Efficiencies Act of 2016 (MEGABYTE),

Pub. L. No. 114-210 (July 29, 2016); 130 Stat. 824

Federal Information Security Modernization Act of 2014 (FISMA)
The Federal Information Security Modernization Act of 2014 (FISMA 2014) (Pub. L. No. 113-283, Dec. 18, 2014)


partially superseded the Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA 2002), enacted as Title III, E-Government Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-347, 116 Stat. 2899, 2946 (Dec. 17, 2002).


M-15-14, Management and Oversight of Federal Information Technology 

M-16-02, Category Management Policy 15-1: Improving the Acquisition and Management of Common Information Technology: Laptops and Desktops 

M-18-12, Implementation of the Modernizing Government Technology Act 
( )


USDA Published Departmental Regulations (DRs) in Support of FITARA:

DR3105‐001 USDA Chief Information Officers Council (04/06/16)

DR3130-008 Definition of Major Information Technology Investments (08/13/20)
DR3130‐009 Non‐Major Information Technology Investments (09/28/20)

DR3130-010 United States Department of Agriculture Enterprise Information Technology Governance (04/20/21)
DR3130‐011 Information Technology Program and Project Manager Certification Requirements (02/04/16)

DR3130‐012 Information Technology Cost Estimating (03/04/16)

DR3130-013 Information Technology Capital Planning and Investment Control (05/24/21)

DR3145-001 Oversight and Management of the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) (05/07/21)